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- History of Clan MacKenzie
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- John Mackenzie, 9th of Kintail
In , the clan chief Colin Mackenzie was made Earl of Seaforth, a title in the peerage of Scotland, taking his title from a sea loch on the island of Lewis. In , Lord Seaforth, fighting as a Covenanter, led a force against the royalist James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, at the Battle of Auldearn where the Covenanters were defeated.
Montrose followed up his success by destroying many houses that belonged to people who had opposed the royalist cause, including that of Thomas Mackenzie of Pluscardine. Later in Thomas Mackenzie of Pluscardine adopted the royalist cause and led his own uprising in the Siege of Inverness In the Mackenzies were granted a commission of "fire and sword" against the MacLeods of Assynt who were a branch of the Clan MacLeod of Lewis and were seated at Ardvreck Castle, which was attacked and captured by the Mackenzies, who took control of the lands of Assynt.
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However during the rising a large part of the Clan Mackenzie followed the chief's cousin, George Mackenzie, 3rd Earl of Cromartie who was a Jacobite. Much of the Ross's and Munro's lands were ravaged, but they retaliated by raiding the Mackenzie lands in what is known as the Siege of Brahan.
The Siege of Inverness came to an end when the town, which was being held by the Mackenzies was surrendered to Simon Fraser of Lovat. Government troops arrived in Inverness towards the end of February, and for some months the process of disarming the rebels went on, helped by a Munro detachment under George Munro of Culcairn. The clan rivalries which had erupted in rebellion were finding an outlet in local politics.
The Mackenzie's position as Earl of Seaforth came to an end in , and it seems to have been arranged that while the Clan Ross held the county seat the Munros would represent the Tain Burghs. To secure the burghs, control of three out of the five was necessary. Ross ascendancy was secure in Tain, and from to the Munros controlled Dingwall. The Clan Mackenzie fought at the Battle of Glen Shiel in where they were defeated by Government forces and the Mackenzie chief was wounded, afterwards retreating to the Western Isles and from there to the Continent. The Mackenzies then went on to lay waste to the lands of the Munros who supported the government and burn down Foulis Castle.
They also went on to lay waste to the lands of the Clan Sutherland and the Earl of Sutherland who also supported the government and captured Dunrobin Castle, although the Earl of Sutherland himself escaped through a back door. However soon after this as the Earl of Cromartie and his forces were travelling south to meet Charles Edward Stuart they were attacked by the Mackay and Sutherland Independent Highland Companies who supported the British Government in what became known as the Battle of Littleferry and the Jacobite Mackenzies were prevented from joining the Jacobite army at the Battle of Culloden.
The Earl of Cromartie's titles were then forfeited. All those regiments wore the MacKenzie tartan. Born in , Chief Francis Mackenzie, 1st Baron Seaforth, the last Lord Seaforth raised a regiment for the British Army in , the 72nd, and the clan produced another the 78th in Both had distinguished records fighting against Napoleon and were later amalgamated into the Queen's Own Highlanders. The 78th Regiment, as it was first called, was raised in from men on the Seaforth and other Mackenzie estates. The Earl of Seaforth, having raised his men, sailed with them to India in , but died there a few months later.
He produced many of the first accurate maps of India, and his research and collections contributed significantly to the field of Asian studies. In , he was part of the British force at the Battle of Seringapatam. He also fought in the Napoleonic Wars. Although not descended from a Mackenzie in the male line his father was born a Blunt and later changed to Blunt-Mackenzie after marrying Sibell Lilian Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, Countess of Cromartie he inherited his titles and Mackenzie descent through his mother even she only claims a Mackenzie descent as a great-great-great-great-granddaughter of George Mackenzie, 3rd Earl of Cromartie.
The Earl of Cromartie still owns lands in clan country however, the largest remaining Mackenzie landowner by some margin is Mackenzie of Gairloch, with an estate which extends to over 50, acres like the clan chief, Mackenzie of Gairloch has inherited his clan name and lands through the female line. The current chief is a member of the Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs. The current chief of Clan Mackenzie lives at Castle Leod, which is thought to date from the 16th century.
In it was announced that the castle was planned to be restored. The restoration was to include a clan genealogical centre that would be open to the public. During the s there was extensive work done on the tower. In the Highland Buildings Preservation Trust HBPT was contacted, to carry out a feasibility study to investigate the potential for the re-use of the upper floor space of the tower, which deemed public funding to be sought to cover the costs of restoration.
Because of concerns of physical and legal separation between the clan chief and the tower, the chief decided that the conditions of public funding were too onerous. Jump to. Sections of this page. Accessibility Help. Email or Phone Password Forgot account? Sign Up. Log In. Forgot account? Not Now. Related Pages. Outlandered TV Show. Planet Heughan Artist. Outlander's Jamie Fraser Fictional Character. Outlander Universe TV Show. OutlandishDram Entertainment Website. He married Janet Fraser, with issue - John Mackenzie, who died in , and left a son Alexander, who got a new tack of Ardnagrask for forty years, commencing in May, ; [Gairloch Papers.
Three of the sons died without issue, one of whom was John, a merchant in Madras. Bailie John's second surviving son, the Rev. Bailie Mackenzie's daughters were - Elizabeth, who married Montgomery Young, with issue; and Jane, who married Provost Ferguson, of Inverness, with issue - John Alexander, who married, with issue; Mary, who married the late Walter Carruthers of the Inverness Courier, with issue; and Agnes Prudence, who married the Rev. Carruthers, one of Her Majesty's Chaplains in India.
William Mackenzie of Shieldaig, who married a daughter of the Rev. Donald Macrae, minister of Lochalsh; and 13 a daughter, unmarried in A daughter, who married Fraser of Foyers. Katherine, who married Hugh Fraser of Culbokie and Guisachan. Another Katherine, who married Fraser of Struy. Janet, who married, first, George Cuthbert of Castlehill, Inverness marriage contract 29th June, ; and secondly Neil Munro of Findon marriage contract dated 5th of February, A daughter, who married Alastair Mor, brother of Chisholm of Comar. Captain Roderick of Pitglassie, who served in the army of the Prince of Orange, and died, unmarried, in Holland, in Hector of Mellan, who married, first, the widow of the Rev.
John, a clergyman, who married a natural daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, I. He died at Rhynduin in , and is buried at Beauly. She married, secondly, Hugh Macdonald of Skirmish. He died at Talladale in , in the 80th year of his age; was buried in the old churchyard of Gairloch, and succeeded by his eldest surviving son, V. He was most active in the duties pertaining to the head of his house during the life of his father, for it was he who led the Mackenzies of Gairloch against the Macleods in their repeated incursions to repossess themselves of their estates, "He was a valiant worthy gentleman.
It was he who made an end of all the troubles his predecessors were in the conquering of Gairloch from the Shiel Vic Gille Challum. By the charter of he was infeft in the barony as fiar, and he immediately succeeded on his father's decease. In , while still fiar or feuer of Gairloch, he obtained from his son-in-law, John Mackenzie of Applecross afterwards of Lochslinn , who married his daughter Isobel, a disclamation of part of the lands of Diobaig, previously in dispute between the Lairds of Gairloch and Applecross.
In the Gairloch Charter Chest there is a feu charter of endowment by John Mackenzie of Applecross, in implement of the contract of marriage with his betrothed spouse, Isobel, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, younger of Gairloch, dated 6th of June, After John of Lochslinn's death, she married, secondly, Colin Mackenzie of Tarvie and there is a sasine in favour of Margaret, second lawful daughter of this Colin of Tarvie by Isobel of Gairloch and spouse of Matthew Robertson of Davoch-carty, in implement of a marriage contract.
A little piece of scandal seems, from an extract of the Presbytery Records of Dingwall, of date 3rd of March, , to have arisen in connection with this pair - Matthew Robertson and Margaret Mackenzie. The brethren considering that by the witness led in the said matter there was nothing but suspicion and jealousies, and said Matthew Robertson being called and inquired concerning the said particular, did openly profess that he was in no wayes jealous of the said Rorie Mackenzie and his wife, and if any word did escape him upon which others might put such a construction, he was heartily sorry for it, and was content to acknowledge so much to Rorie Mackenzie of Dochmaluak, and crave pardon for the same, which the brethren taking into their consideration, and the Bishop referring it to them as the Moderator reported , they have, according to the Bishop's appointment, ordered the said Matthew Robertson to acknowledge so much before the Presbytery to the party, and to crave his pardon in anything he has given him offence.
The which being done by the said Matthew Robertson, Rory Mackenzie of Dochmaluak did acquiesce in it without any furder prosecution of it," and we hear no more of the subject. In Alexander proceeded to acquire part of Loggie-Wester from Duncan Bayne, but the matter was not arranged until , during the reign of his successor. Kenneth, his heir and successor. Murdo of Sand, "predecessor to Sand and Mungastle," [There is great confusion about the families of the various Sands which we have not been able to clear up.
The following is from the public records: In on the forfeiture of the Fairburn estate, "Alexander" Mackenzie of Sand appeared and deponed that "Murdoch" Mackenzie of Sand, his father, had a wadset of Mungastle and certain other lands from Fairburn. In May "Alexander" Mackenzie of Sand purchased Mungastle for merks from Dundonell, who had meantime become proprietor of it.
In January "Alexander" Mackenzie of Sand, son of the preceding Alexander, was infeft in Mungastle in place of his father. In the above Alexander the younger being then a minor, and John Mackenzie of Lochend being his curator, got a wadset of Glenarigolach and Ridorch, and in Alexander being then of full age, apparently purchased these lands irredeemably. One of the witnesses to this deed of disposition is Alexander Mackenzie, eldest son to Alexander Mackenzie, the granter of the deed. By him she had issue, a daughter, who married Sir Norman Macleod, I.
She married, thirdly, Murdoch Mackenzie, V. Margaret, who, as his third wife, married Alexander Ross of Cuilich, from whom the family of Achnacloich. A daughter, who married Robert Gray of Skibo, with issue. Alexander married, secondly, Isabel, eldest daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, progenitor of Coul and Applecross, with issue - 8. William of Multafy and I. Roderick, who married Agnes, second daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, I. Angus, who married the eldest daughter of Hector Mackenzie, IV.
Angus "was a brave soldier, and commanded a considerable body of Highlanders under King Charles the second at the Torwood. He, with Scrymgeour of Dudhope and other Loyalists, marched at a great rate to assist the Macleans, who were cut to pieces by Cromwell's dragoons at Inverkeithing, but to their great grief were recalled by the Earl of Argyll, General of the army. Janet, who married Alexander Mackenzie, I. Alexander had also a natural daughter, who, as his first wife, married George, fourth son of John Mackenzie, I.
He died, as appears from his successor's retour of service, on the 4th of January, , [In this service we have "Kirktoun with the manor and gardens of the same," and after a long list of the townships, the fishings of half the water of Ewe and the rivers Kerry and Badachro follows, "the loch of Loch Maroy, with the islands of the same, and the manor place and gardens in the Island of Illiurory, the loch of Garloch, with the fishings of the same," from which it appears that the residence on, Island Rory Beg, the walls of which and of the large garden are yet distinctly traceable, was quite as early as that on Island Suthain in which Alexander died.
He was buried with his wife "in a chapel he caused built near the Church of Gairloch," during his father's lifetime, and was succeeded by his eldest son, VI. He was fined by the Committee of Estates for his adherence to the King, under the Act of 3rd February, , entitled Commission for the moneys of Excise and Process against delinquents," in a forced loan of merks, for which the receipt, dated 15th March, , signed by Kennedy, Earl of Cassilis, and Sir William Cochrane, two of the Commissioners named in the Act, and by two or three others, is still extant.
Seaforth was, at the time, one of the Committee of Estates, and his influence was probably exercised in favour of leniency to the Baron of Gairloch; especially as he was himself privately imbued with strong predilections in favour of the Royalists. Kenneth commanded a body of Highlanders at Balvenny under Thomas Mackenzie of Pluscardine, and his own brother-in-law, the Earl of Huntly; but when the Royalist army was surprised and disarmed, he was on a visit to Castle Grant and managed to effect his escape.leinezimrelab.tk/map1.php
History of Clan MacKenzie
In he completed the purchase of Loggie-Wester, commenced by his predecessor, but in order to do so he had to have recourse to the money market. On the 14th of January, , at Kirkton, he granted to the same person a bond for merks; but at this date Hector was described as "indweller in Androry," and again, another dated at Stankhouse of Gairloch Tigh Dige , 24th of November, ; but the lender of the money is on this occasion described as living in Diobaig.
For the two first of these sums Murdo Mackenzie of Sand, Kenneth's brother-german, became security. Colin Mackenzie, I. There is nothing further to show what became of the pupil, Hector, but it is highly probable that on the death of Alexander, son of Duncan of Sand, the farm was given by Kenneth to his own brother, Murdoch, and that the merks, borrowed from Colin Mackenzie of Sanachan, who married Murdoch's only daughter, Margaret, may have been borrowed for the purpose of stocking the farm.
The dates of the marriage, of the bond, and of the Tutorie Dative, so near each other, strongly support this view. The contract of marriage is dated 5th September, , the marriage portion being the handsome sum of "6ooo merks, and her endowment libs Scots yearly. There is a charter by Kenneth in her favour of the lands of Loggie-Wester, the miln and pertinents thereof, with the grazings of Tolly, in implement of the marriage contract, dated 4th of December, , with a sasine of the same date, and another charter of the lands and manor-place of Kinkell and Ardnagrask, dated the 15th of August, , with sasine thereon, dated 5th September following.
By her Kenneth had issue - 1.
Alexander, his heir and successor. John, who died unmarried. Lilias, who married, as his first wife, Alexander Mackenzie, II. He married, thirdly, Janet, daughter of John Cuthbert of Castlehill marriage contract dated 17th December, , the marriage portion being merks, and her endowment 5 chalders victual yearly , with issue - 7.
Charles, I. Kenneth, who died unmarried. Colin, I.
Death of a Chief (John MacKenzie #1) by Douglas Watt
Annabella, who married George, third son of Roderick Mackenzie, V. According to the retour of service of his successor, Kenneth died in , was buried in Beauly Priory, and was succeeded by his eldest son, VII. It had, however, been settled on his stepmother, Janet Cuthbert, in life-rent, and after her on her eldest son, Charles of Mellan and subsequently of Letterewe, to whom, after her death, Alexander formally disponed it. They afterwards entered into an excambion by which Alexander reacquired Loggie-Wester in exchange for Letterewe, which then became the patrimony of the successors of Charles.
A tradition is current in the Gairloch family that when Alexander sought the hand of his future lady, Barbara, daughter of Sir John Mackenzie of Tarbat, and sister-german to the first Earl of Cromarty and to Isobel Countess of Seaforth, he endeavoured to make himself appear much wealthier than he really was, by returning a higher rental than he actually received at the time of making up the Scots valued rent in , in which year he married.
This tradition is corroborated by a comparison of the valuation of the shire of Inverness for , published by Charles Fraser-Mackintosh in "Antiquarian Notes," and the rental of , on which the ecclesiastical assessments are still based. It is impossible that such a rise in the rental could have taken place in the short space of twenty-six years; and the presumption is in favour of the accuracy of the tradition which imports that the rental was over-valued for the special purpose of making the Baron of Gairloch appear more important in the eyes of his future relatives-in-law than he really was.
In he had his rights and titles ratified by Act of Parliament, printed at length in the Folio edition. He married, secondly, Janet, daughter of William Mackenzie, I. By her he had issue - 3.
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Alexander, who died unmarried. William, who acquired the lands of Davochcairn, and married, in , Jean, daughter of Roderick Mackenzie, V. Alexander has a "clare constat" as only son in He died in , leaving a son, Alexander Kenneth, who emigrated to New South Wales, where several of his descendants now reside; the representative of the family, in , being Alexander Kenneth Mac-kenzie, Boonara, Bondi, Sydney. Ann, who, in , married Kenneth Mackenzie, II. She married, secondly, Kenneth Mackenzie, a solicitor in London.
He died in December , at the age of 42, which appears from his general retour of sasine, dated 25th February, , in which he is said to be then of lawful age. He was educated at Oxford, and afterwards represented his native county of Ross in the Scottish Parliament. He strongly opposed the Union, considering that if it should take place, it would be "the funeral of his country. Early in the same year he seems to have been taken seriously ill, whereupon he executed a holograph will and testament at Stankhouse, dated the 23rd of May, , which was witnessed by his uncle, Colin Mackenzie of Findon, and by his brother-in-law, Simon Mackenzie, I.
He appointed Colin Mackenzie, then of Findon, and afterwards of Davochpollo and Mountgerald, as his tutor and factor at a salary of merks Scots. In May, , having apparently to some extent recovered his health, he appears in his place in Parliament. In September of the same year he returned to Stankhouse, Gairloch, where he executed two bonds of provision, one for his second son George, and the other for his younger daughters. There was a fourth daughter, unmarried at the date of Margaret's contract of marriage and the four took a fourth part each of Sir Roderick's moveables and of certain lands not included in the Barony.
At the date of his marriage Kenneth had not made up titles to his estates; but by his marriage contract he is taken bound to do so as soon as he can. His retour of service was taken out in the following year. By Margaret Mackenzie of Findon Kenneth had issue - 1. George, who became a merchant in Glasgow, and died unmarried in Barbara, who, in , married George Beattie, a merchant in Montrose, without issue. Margaret, who died young in Katharine, who died young.
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Sir Kenneth had also a natural daughter, Margaret, who married, in , Donald Macdonald, younger of Cuidreach. Sir Kenneth's widow, about a year after his decease, married Bayne of Tulloch. Notwithstanding the money that Sir Kenneth received with her, he died deeply in debt, and left his children insufficiently provided for. George and Barbara were at first maintained by their mother, and afterwards by Colin of Findon who had married their grandmother, widow of Sir Roderick Mackenzie of Findon, while Alexander and Anne were in even a worse plight.
He died in December , at the early age of 32; was buried in Gairloch, and succeeded by his eldest son, IX. His prospects were certainly not enviable, he and his sister Anne having had for a time, for actual want of means, to be "settled in tenants' houses. During his minority, however, the large sum of 51, merks was paid off, in addition to 27, in name of interest on the original debt; and consequently very little was left for his education.
In he, along with his brother and sisters, were taken to the factor's house - Colin Mackenzie of Findon - where they remained for four years, and received the rudiments of their education from a young man, Simon Urquhart. In they were all sent to school at Chanonry, under Urquhart's charge, where Sir Alexander remained for six years, after which, having arrived at 18 years of age, he went to complete his education in Edinburgh. He afterwards made a tour of travel, and returning home in married his cousin, Janet Mackenzie of Scatwell, on which occasion a fine Gaelic poem was composed in her praise by John Mackay, the famous blind piper and poet of Gairloch, whose daughter became the mother of William Ross, a Gaelic bard even more celebrated than the blind piper himself.
If we believe her eulogist the lady possessed all the virtues of mind and body but in spite of all these graces the marriage did not turn out a happy one; for, in , she separated from her husband on the grounds of incompatibility of temper, after which she lived alone at Kinkell. When, in , Sir Alexander came of age, he was obliged to find means to pay the provision payable to his brother George and to his sisters, amounting altogether to 16, merks, while about the same amount of his father's debts was still unpaid.
In he purchased Cruive House and the Ferry of Skudale. In he bought Bishop-Kinkell; in Loggie-Riach and, in , Kenlochewe, which latter property was considered equal in value to Glasletter of Kintail, sold about the same time. About he redeemed Davochcairn and Ardnagrask from the widow of his uncle William, and Davochpollo from the widow and son James of his grand-uncle, Colin, I.
In he executed an entail of all his estates; but leaving debts at his death, amounting to L 13s 10d more than his personal estate could meet, Davochcairn, Davochpollo, and Ardnagrask, had eventually to be sold to make up the deficiency. In he pulled down the old family residence of Stankhouse, or "Tigh Dige," at Gairloch, which stood in a low, marshy, damp situation, surrounded by the moat from which it derived its name, and built the present house on an elevated plateau, surrounded by magnificent woods and towering hills, with a southern front elevation - altogether one of the most beautiful and best sheltered situations in the Highlands; and he very appropriately called it Flowerdale.
He greatly improved his property, and was in all respects a careful and good man of business. He kept out of the Rising of , and afterwards when John Mackenzie of Meddat applied to him for aid in favour of Lord Macleod, son of the Earl of Cromarty, who took so prominent a part in it, and was afterwards in very tightened circumstances, Sir Alexander replied in a letter dated at Gairloch, 17th May, , in the following somewhat unsympathetic terms: Sir,--I am favoured with your letter, and am extreamly sory Lord Cromartie's circumstances should obliege him to sollicit the aide of small gentlemen.
I much raither he hade dyed sword in hand even where he was ingag'd then be necessitate to act such a pairt I have the honour to be nearly related to him, and to have been his companion, but will not supply him at this time, for which I believe I can give you the best reason in the world, and the only one possible for me to give, and that is that I cannot. Some of his leases, preserved in the Gairloch charter chest, contain some very curious clauses, many of which would now be described as tyrannical and cruel, but the Laird and his tenants understood each other, and they got on remarkably well.
The tenants were bound to sell him all their marketable cattle "at reasonable rates," and to deliver to him at current prices all the cod and ling caught by them; and, in some cases, were bound to keep one or more boats, with a sufficient number of men as sub-tenants, for the prosecution of the cod and ling fishings. He kept his own curer, cured the fish, and sold it at 12s 6d per cwt. Kenneth, who died in infancy.
Roderick, a captain in the army, who was killed at Quebec before he attained majority. William, a writer, who died unmarried. James, who died in infancy. Kenneth of Millbank, factor and Tutor to Sir Hector, the fourth Baronet of Gairloch, during the last few years of his minority. Mrs Bethune died in , aged 91 years. Margaret and Janet, both of whom died young. Murdo leaving no issue, Colin ultimately succeeded to Achilty, but he seems afterwards to have parted with it, for in , he has a tack of Kinkell, and dies there, in , with his affairs seriously involved, leaving a son John, who died without issue.
The other daughter, known as "Kate Gairloch," who lived to a very old age, unmarried, was provided for in comfortable lodgings and with a suitable allowance by the heads of the family. He died in , in the 66th year of his age, was buried with his ancestors in Gairloch, [The old chapel and the burying place of the Lairds of Gairloch appear to have been roofed almost up to this date; for in the Tutorial accounts of there is an item of 30 merks for "harling, pinning, and thatching Gairloch's burial place.
He built Conon House between and , during his father's lifetime. Lady Mackenzie, who continued to reside at Kinkell, where she lived separated from her husband, on Sir Alexander's decease claimed the new mansion at Conon built by her son eight years before on the ground that it was situated on her jointure lands; but Sir Alexander resisted her pretensions, and ultimately the matter was arranged by the award of John Forbes of New, Government factor on the forfeited estates of Lovat, who then resided at Beaufort, and to whom the question in dispute was submitted as arbitrator.
Forbes compromised it by requiring Sir Alexander to expend L in making Kinkell Castle more comfortable, by taking off the top storey, re-rooting it, rebuilding an addition at the side, and re-flooring, plastering, and papering all the rooms. Sir Alexander, in addition to the debts of the entailed estates, contracted other liabilities on his own account, and finding himself much hampered in consequence, he tried, but failed, to break the entail, although a flaw has been discovered in it since, and Sir Kenneth, the present Baronet, having called the attention of the Court to it, the entail was judicially declared invalid.
Sir Alexander had entered into an agreement to sell the Strathpeffer and Ardnagrask lands, in anticipation of which Henry Davidson of Tulloch bought the greater part of the debts of the entailed estates, with the view of securing the consent of the Court to the sale of Davochcairn and Davochpollo afterwards to himself. But on the 15th of April, , before the transaction could be completed, Sir Alexander died suddenly from the effects of a fall from his horse.
His financial affairs were seriously involved, but having been placed in the hands of an Edinburgh accountant, his creditors ultimately received nineteen shillings in the pound. She died on the 1st of December, John, who raised a company, almost wholly in Gairloch, for the 78th Regiment of Ross-shire Highlanders when first embodied, of which he himself obtained the Captaincy.
He rose rapidly in rank. On the 3rd of May, , he attained to his majority; in the following year he is Lieutenant-Colonel of the Regiment Major-General in the army in ; and full General in He served with distinction and without cessation from to So marked was his daring and personal valour that he was popularly known among his companions in arms as "Fighting Jack.
At Tarragona he was so mortified with Sir John Murray's conduct, that he almost forgot that he himself was only second in command, and charged Sir John with incapacity and cowardice, for which the latter was tried by Court Martial - General Mackenzie being one of the principal witnesses against him.
Full of vigour of mind and body, he took a lively interest in everything in which he engaged, from fishing and shooting to farming, gardening, politics, and fighting. He never forgot his Gaelic, which he spoke with fluency and read with ease. Though a severe disciplinarian, his men adored him. He was in the habit of saying that it gave him more pleasure to meet a dog from Gairloch than a gentleman from any other place. When the 78th returned from the Indian Mutiny the officers and men were feted to a grand banquet by the town of Inverness, and as the regiment marched through Academy Street, where the General resided, they halted opposite his residence, next door above the Station Hotel; and though so frail that he had to be carried, he was taken out and his chair placed on the steps at the door, where the regiment saluted and warmly cheered their old and distinguished veteran commander, who had so often led their predecessors to victory; and at the time the oldest officer in and "father" of the British army.
He was much affected, and wept with joy at again meeting his beloved 78th - the only tears he was known to have shed since the days of his childhood. Alastair subsequently left the Bahamas, went to Melbourne, and became Treasurer for the Government of Victoria, where he died in General Mackenzie died on the 14th of June, , aged 96 years, and was buried in the Gairloch aisle in Beauly Priory.
Kenneth, who was born on the 14th of February, , was a Captain in the army, and served in India, where he was at the siege of Seringapatam. He soon after retired from the service, and settled down as a gentleman farmer at Kerrisdale, Gairloch. He married Flora, daughter of Farquhar Macrae of Inverinate, with issue, three sons and four daughters - 1 Alexander, a Captain in the 58th Regiment, who married a daughter of William Beibly, M.
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Jean, who died young. Margaret, who married Roderick Mackenzie, II. The second Lady Mackenzie of Gairloch, Jean Gorry, died in , probably at the birth of her last daughter, Janet, who was born on the 14th of October in that year, and Sir Alexander himself died on the 15th of April, He was buried in Gairloch, and was succeeded by his eldest son, XI. Being a minor, only twelve years of age when he succeeded, his affairs were managed by the following trustees appointed by his father - John Gorry; Provost Mackenzie of Dingwall, and Alexander Mackenzie, W.
These gentlemen did not get on so harmoniously as could be wished in the management of the estate.
John Mackenzie, 9th of Kintail
The first three opposed the last-named, who was supported by Sir Hector and by his grandfather and his uncle of Redcastle. In the month of March, , in a petition in which Sir Hector craves the Court for authority to appoint his own factor, he is described as "being now arrived at the age of fourteen years. In opposition to the majority, the Court decided in favour of Sir Hector that they should not be sold until he arrived at an age to judge for himself. Having secured this decision, Sir Hector, thinking that Mr Gorry had been acting too much in the interest of his own grandchildren - Sir Alexander's children by the second marriage - now appointed a factor of his own, Kenneth Mackenzie, his half uncle, the first "Millbank.
In he was appointed Lord-Lieutenant of his native county. He lived generally at home among a devoted tenantry; and only visited London once during his life. He regularly dispensed justice among his Gairloch retainers without any expense to the county, and to their entire satisfaction. He was adored by the people, to whom he acted as a father and friend, and his memory is still green among the older inhabitants, who never speak of him but in the warmest terms for his generosity, urbanity, and frankness, and for the kind and free manner in which he always mixed with and addressed his tenants.
He was considered by all who knew him the most sagacious and intelligent man in the county. He employed no factor after he came of age, but dealt directly and entirely with his people, ultimately knowing every man on his estates, so that he knew from personal knowledge how to treat each case of hardship and inability to pay that came before him, and to distinguish feigned from real poverty.
When he grew frail from old age he employed a clerk to assist him in the management, but he wisely continued landlord and factor himself to his dying day. When Sir Francis, his eldest son, reached a suitable age, instead of adopting the usual folly of sending elder sons to the army that they might afterwards succeed to the property entirely ignorant of everything connected with it, he gave him, instead of a yearly allowance, several of the farms, with a rental of about L a year, over which he acted as landlord or tenant, until his father's death, telling him "if you can make more of them, all the better for you.
Sir Hector also patronised the Gaelic poets, and appointed one of them, Alexander Campbell, better known as "Alastair Buidhe Mac Iomhair," to be his ground-officer and family bard, and allowed him to hold his land in Strath all his life rent free. This must have been as early as or so, when I used to come into the room after dinner about nine years old. Sir Hector married, in August, , Cochrane, daughter of James Chalmers of Fingland, without issue; and the marriage was dissolved by arrangement between the parties on the 22nd of April, In the same year, the marriage contract being dated the "9th May, ," within a month of his separation from his first wife, Sir Hector married, secondly, Christian, daughter and only child of William Henderson, Inverness, a lady who became very popular with the Gairloch people, and is still affectionately remembered amongst them as "A Bhantighearna Ruadh," [Dr John, late of Eileanach, writes of her and her father as follows: His second wife was only child of William Henderson, from Aberdeenshire cousin of Mr Coutts, the London banker, with whom, in consequence of the relationship, my elder brothers, Francis and William, were on intimate terms in Stratton Street, Piccadilly, where Lady Burdett Coutts now lives , who set up a Bleachfield at the Bught, Inverness, by a daughter of Fraser of Bught.
Henderson followed his daughter to Conon, as tenant of Riverford, where, till very old, he lived, and then moved to Conon House, till he died about , loved by all, aged I think he is buried in the Chapel-Yard, Inverness. Francis Alexander, his heir and successor. William, a merchant in lava, and afterwards in Australia.
He died, unmarried, in , at St. Omer France. Dr John, of Eileanach.
He studied for the medical profession, and took his degree of M. He was factor for the trustees of Sir Kenneth, the present Baronet, during his minority, and afterwards for several years, Provost of Inverness. He married, on the 28th of September, , Mary Jane, only daughter of the Rev. Tulloch's other daughters were Mary Macpherson and Victoria Geraldine.
His wife died on the 27th of October, Annesley, R. Dr John of Eileanach died on the 18th of December, His widow still survives. Roderick, a Captain in the army, who sold out and became a settler in Australia, where he died. Sir Hector had also, by his housekeeper, Jean Urquhart, three natural children, which caused his separation from his first wife. He made provision for them all. The first, Catherine, married John Clark, leather merchant, Inverness, and left issue.
Another daughter married Mr Murrison, contractor for the Bridge of Conon, who afterwards settled down, after the death of the last of the Mackenzies of Achilty, on the farm of Kinkell, with issue, from whom the Stewarts, late Windmill, Inverness. A son, Kenneth who was for some time in the British Linen Bank, Inverness, afterwards died in India, in the army, unmarried.